List of Figures

Chapter 1

1.1. Frescobaldi house
1.2. Ferrara, map
1.3. Ferrara, Duomo
1.4. Frescobaldi baptism
1.5. Frescobaldi seal (MAdS)
1.6. Alfonso II d’Este
1.7. Giacomo Martinelli (2nd half 17th c.?): Performing nuns: concert with harpsichord (woman), violin/2 violas (men), cello (man), great bass viol (?cello, nun), directed by a nun with a roll of paper. [See Maestro dell’osservanza internet for a good copy]
1.8. Frans Pourbus the Younger, Portrait of Margherita Gonzaga d’Este, 1605: Rodolfo 2014, 330
1.9. Luzzasco Luzzaschi
1.10. Vicentino archicembalo keyboard (L’antica musica …)
1.11. Ferrara, Palazzo Bentivoglio [G B Aleotti e l’archittetura]
1.12. Van Dyck, Guido Bentivoglio as Cardinal

Chapter 2

2.1. Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini: Ottavio Leoni, c. 1605 (Oxford, Ashmolean: Robertson 2015, 57, 59)
2.2. Entry of Clement VIII into Ferrara
2.3. Curzio Mancini: “Missa Papa Clemens VIII Cum Sex Vocibus Ferraria in potestatem S. M. E. redacta” (Annibaldi)
2.4. Print in Cavicchi 1983 showing 1598 wedding with a balcony with singers and haut instruments
2.5. Portrait of Margherita in wedding dress c. 1605 in Isabella 2011, fig. 57, p. 123, given in 1606 to the English court for Treaty of London 1604; Dress dotted with her monogram of M enclosed by P and S

Chapter 3

3.1. Tempesta map of Rome
3.2. Piazza Santa Maria in Trastevere (Specchi)
3.3. S. Maria in Trastevere, organ and musicians’ gallery

Chapter 4

4.1. Brussels [?why Antwerp in 1635, Pollak 2010, 23]
4.2. Frans Francken and Frans Pourbus the younger: Isabella and Albert presiding over a court ball ca. 1610
4.3. Frescobaldi, Madrigali, Antwerp: 1608
4.4. Jan Breughel and Pieter Paul Rubens, Hearing
4.5. Antwerp, Our Lady Church
4.6. Milan, Sant’Ambrogio Maggiore

Chapter 5

5.1. San Pietro, muro divisorio: Casale 2011, 35 and pl. I.
5.2. St. Peter’s ca. 1625, Lees-Milne
5.3. The cantiere of the façade ca. 1611, Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, cod. Guelf 136, fol 29, in Marconi 2004
5.4. Plan of St. Peter’s (2): ca. 1600: Robertson 2015, 29
5.5. Censuali of Cappella Giulia
5.6. Singers on palchi
5.7. Abjuration of heretics
5.8. St. Peter’s, 1496 organ
5.9. St. Peter’s 1580 organ
5.10. Ottavio Leoni: Paolo Tarditi

Chapter 6

6.1. Ippolita Recupito (1577-ca. 1650: fig. 6/2: Tordella 2011, fig. 114)
6.2. Girolamo Frescobaldi-Orsola del Pino wedding license
6.3. MacDougall 1994: Villa Aldobrandini organ in Kircher Musurgia, 1650
6.4. Frascati, Villa Aldobrandini

Chapter 7

7.1. Ferdinando I, Cardinal-Duke of Mantua and Monferrato
7.2. Mantua in 1628, G. Bertazzolo [Splendours of the Gonzaga; Pollak 2010 34]
7.3. Frescobaldi, Toccate I

Chapter 8

8.1. Claude Mellan, Frescobaldi, drawing
8.2. Saillant/Sas, Frescobaldi
8.3. Mellan, Frescobaldi, engraving
8.4. Frescobaldi, Schloß Ambras
8.5. Bernini, Caricature [?Frescobaldi]
8.6. Felice della Greca, Piazza Colonna c. 1656
8.7. BAV, Chigi Q. VIII. 205-206, fol. 210v
8.8. BAV, Chigi Q. VIII. 205-206, fol. 210v
8.9. Santo Spirito in Sassia
8.10. Santo Spirito in Sassia, organ
8.11. Ospedale di Santo Spirito, Gage: Mancini book (11: shows organ)
8.12. Urban VIII Barberini
8.13. Opening of the Holy Door, 1625
8.14. Consecration of St, Peter’s
8.15 Prince Alfonso d’Este of Modena (Southorn)8.16. Toccate II, 1627

Chapter 9

9.1. 1628 Sonnets
9.2. Florence, Cappella dei Principi
9.3. Santa Maria del Carmine, canonisation of S. Andrea Corsini Ringhiera noisy Renaissance
9.4. Portrait of M. de Béthune: Leoni fig. 130
9.5. Cathedral of Colle Val d’Elsa: Salerni 1986, 77-78
9.6. Arie musicali, I

Chapter 10

10.1. Frescobaldi receipts (Archivio Niccolini di Camegliano di Firenze (ANFI)]
10.2. Cardinal Francesco Barberini
10.3. Frescobaldi Toccate I (1637) (or D. Mazzocchi Madrigali in color)
10.4. Cardinal Antonio Barberini
10.5. Frescobaldi, Fiori musicali (1635)
10.6. Don Taddeo Barberini
10.7. Don Taddeo arms
10.8. Pietro da Cortona, apparato for 1633 Quarantore
10.9. 1634 Piazza Navona joust
10.10. [Magnanapoli: Robertson 2015, 89]
10.11. Viol consort
10.12. Oratorio del Santissimo Crocifisso
10.13. Last Frescobaldi receipt

Chapter 11

11.1. Wing-shaped organ (a ala)
11.2. Soria organ façade, S. Pietro [there ain’t none]
11.3. Fronzuto 2008, fig. 3 organ
11.4. San Lorenzo in Damaso: apse
11.5. Bernini: Ottaviano Castelli: Drawing by Bernini, engraved by Grimaldi for the book of La sincerità trionfante, Rome, 1638, pub. 1640
11.6. Italian harpsichord
11.7. Harpsichord lid, Ferrara, Alfonso II: Leggenda 1996, 144
11.8. Corame case
11.9. Zenti spinet
11.10. Copy of a lost painting by Antiveduto Grammatica (1571-1626: fig. 8.9, ca. 1611) showing a claviorganum
11.11. Harpsichord built by Vito Trasuntino in 1606 for Camillo Gonzaga, Duke of Novellara, and now in the Museo Civico Medievale of Bologna (van der Meer 1993, #141, pp. 146-48
11.12. Cimbalo cromatico
11.13. Harpsichord ALF[ONSVS] II DVX FER[RARIAE] now in Schloß Köpenick, Berlin
11.14. Ruckers transposing double harpsichord
11.15. Sacchi portrait of Marc’Antonio Pasqualini
11.16. The Barberini harp
11.17. Orazio Albana harpsichord, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art
11.18. A one-manual Barberini harpsichord in a private collection, Marvels 2007, 137-41