List of Figures

Figures have been identified as closely as possible according to artist, date, owner, and current locations. Additions and corrections will be added to the list on an ongoing basis.

Chapter 1

1.1 Ferrara, Frescobaldi house
1.2 Ferrara 1597
1.3 Ferrara, Duomo
1.4 Frescobaldi baptismal record, Ferrara, Archivio della parrocchia del Duomo
1.5 Frescobaldi seal, MAdS, AG, busta 1010, 439 b. Florentine Frescobaldi arms
1.6 Anon., Alfonso II d’Este
1.7 Giacomo Martinelli (2nd half 17th c.?), Concert in the Lazzari family, Museo Pio de Carpi
1.8 Anon., Margherita Gonzaga d’Este, c. 1580, Mantua, Palazzo Ducale
1.9 Anon., Luzzasco Luzzaschi
1.10a Vicentino archicembalo keyboard b. Anon., Ercole Bottrigari, Bologna, Museo Internazionale e Biblioteca della Musica
1.11 Ferrara, Palazzo Bentivoglio
1.12 Anthony Van Dyck, Guido Bentivoglio as Cardinal (1623), Florence, Pitti Palace, photo: Gabinetto Fotografico Soprintendenza Beni Artistici e Storici di Firenze

Chapter 2

2.1 Ottavio Leoni, Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini: c. 1605 Oxford, Ashmolean Museum
2.2 Entry of Clement VIII into Ferrara
2.3 Curzio Mancini: “Missa Papa Clemens VIII Cum Sex Vocibus Ferraria in potestatem S. M. E. redacta” Annibaldi 2014 [xxvi]
2.4 1598 wedding with a balcony with singers and haut instruments, Cavicchi 1983
2.5 Infanta Margherita in wedding dress, c. 1605, British Royal Collection

Chapter 3

3.1 St. Peter’s, Antonio Tempesta, map of Rome, 1593/1606, BAV
3.2 G.B. Falda, Piazza Santa Maria in Trastevere, Le Fontane di Roma, 1691
3.3 S. Maria in Trastevere, organ and musicians’ gallery
3.4 Seventeenth-century pontifical mass

Chapter 4

4.1 Brussels in 1576
4.2 Frans Francken et. al., Isabella and Albert presiding over a court ball ca. 1610, The Hague Mauritshuis
4.3 Frescobaldi, Madrigali, Antwerp: 1608, Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale
4.4 Jan Breughel and Pieter Paul Rubens, Hearing, c. 1620, Madrid, Prado
4.5 W. Hollar, Antwerp, Our Lady Church
4.6 Ruckers transposing double harpsichord, 1638, Edinburgh, Russell Collection
4.7 Milan, Basilica of Sant’Ambrogio Maggiore

Chapter 5

5.1 Cesare Conti, Canonization of S. Diego, after 1594, showing San Pietro, muro divisorio, Casale 2011, pl. I
5.2 Anon., The Expulsion of Heliodorus, depicting St. Peter’s ca. 1616-26, Lees-Milne 1967, 238
5.3 Anon., St. Peter’s, the cantiere of the façade ca. 1611, Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, cod. Guelf 136, fol 29, in Marconi 2004
5.4 Plan of new St. Peter’s
5.5 Censuali of Cappella Giulia, organ moving and palchi, 1624, BAV, ACSP, CG 78, fol. 5
5.6 P.P. Sevin, Concert in S.M. del Popolo, Stockholm, Nationalmuseum
5.7 Anon., Auto-da-Fe (abjuration) held in a church
5.8 Maarten van Heemskerck, old St. Peter’s with 1496 organ, Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett
5.9 St. Peter’s, 1580 organ

Chapter 6

6.1 Rome, Palazzo Capranica, historic photograph, Comune di Roma
6.2 Ottavio Leoni, Ippolita Recupito Marotta, Paris, Louvre
6.3 Piazza Colonna, 1616
6.4 Girolamo Frescobaldi-Orsola del Pino wedding license, Rome, Archivo Storico del Vicariato, Santa Maria in Via, Lic. Matr. 1 (1595-1638), no. 305, from Annibaldi 20011
6.5 G.B. Falda, Parnassus Fountain, Villa Aldobrandini, c. 1675
6.6 Matthäus Greuter, Frascati, Villa Aldobrandini, Special Collections, Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles

Chapter 7

7.1 Anon., Ferdinando I Gonzaga Cardinal-Duke of Mantua and Monferrato
7.2 Mantua in the seventeenth-century
7.3 Frescobaldi, Toccate I, arms of Ferdinando Gonzaga

Chapter 8

8.1 Claude Mellan, Frescobaldi, Paris, Ecole des Beaux-Arts
8.2 Frescobaldi, portrait by Jean Saillant, engraved by Christianus Sas (Toccate II)
8.3 Girolamo Frescobaldi, engraving by Claude Mellan, author’s collection
8.4 Anon., Frescobaldi, Schloß Ambras
8.5 Bernini, Caricature [?Frescobaldi], BAV, Chigi P.VI.4, fol. 9
8.6 Jan Miel, Carnival in Piazza Colonna, 1645-50
8.7 G. Guerra, C. Nebbia, Fresco of Piazza Colonna, ca. 1590, BAV, Salone Sistino, Marino 2017, 189
8.8. BAV, Chigi Q. VIII. 205-206, fol. 120v
8.9 BAV, Chigi Q. VIII. 205-206, fol. 210v, from Darbellay 2015
8.10 Giuseppe Vasi, Santo Spirito in Sassia
8.11 Santo Spirito in Sassia, great organ
8.12 Ospedale di Santo Spirito, organ on left
8.13 Bernini, tomb of Urban VIII, author’s collection
8.14 Testone coin of Holy Year, 1625
8.15 Fabio Cristofani, Consecration of St. Peter’s by Urban VIII, 1626
8.16 Organists for second Vespers of Peter and Paul, Cappella Giulia, 1628, BAV, ACSP, CG 81, Fol. 73v
8.17 Matteo Loves, Prince Alfonso d’Este of Modena as a friar, 1635, Modena, galleria Estense
8.18 Frescobaldi, Toccate II, 1627/1637

Chapter 9

9.1 1628 Sonnets in praise of Frescobaldi, Florence, Harvard Center for Renaissance Studies
9.2. Florence, Cappella dei Principi
9.3 Execution of Savonarola, ringhiera on right, Florence, Museo di San Marco
9.4 Stefano Buonsignori, map of Florence (1585) Santa Maria Novella, Bridgeman Art Library
9.5 Elevation and plan of Florentine houses ca. 1560
9.6 Canonization of S. Andrea Corsini, Stefano della Bella, buonmattei, Descrizion, 1632, BAV
9.7 Philippe de Champaigne (attr.), Philippe de Béthune
9.8 Cathedral of Colle Val d’Elsa, plan and key, 1630, Romby 1992, 75
9.9 Frescobaldi, Arie musicali, I, Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale


Chapter 10

10.1 Frescobaldi receipts, Archivio Niccolini di Camegliano di Firenze (ANFI)
10.2 Andrea Sacchi, Cardinal Francesco Barberini, Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz Museum
10.3 Frescobaldi Toccate I (1637 reprint), arms of Cardinal Francesco Barberini
10.4 Simone Cantarini, Cardinal Antonio Barberini the Younger, private collection
10.5 Frescobaldi, Fiori musicali (1635), arms of Cardinal Antonio Barberini the Younger
10.6 Andrea Sacchi, Don Taddeo Barberini as Prince Prefect, Rome, Direzione Generale I.N.P.S.
10.7 Pietro da Cortona, arms of Don Taddeo Barberini, Chatsworth, The Devonshire Collection
10.8 Pietro da Cortona, apparato for 1633 Quarantore in S. Lorenzo in Damaso, Windsor Castle, Royal Library
10.9 Andrea Sacchi, Filippo Gagliardi, Joust in Piazza Navona, 1634, Museo di Roma
10.10 G.B. Falda, Giardino Aldobrandino (1) and Strada Magnanapoli (7)
10.11 Anon., French, c. 1625, Viol consort
10.12 Oratorio del Santissimo Crocifisso
[Crocifisso performer list]
10.13 Frescobaldi’s last payment receipt, BAV, ACSP, CG 96, p. 79
10.14 Johann Heinzelman, Oratio, 1657

Chapter 11

11.1 Wing-shaped organ (a ala)
11.2 St. Peter’s, Sacrament chapel
11.3 Movable organ of S. Giovanni in Laterano, 1845-47, Fronzuto 2008, fig. 3
11.4. San Lorenzo in Damaso: Bernini redesign of 1638, Museo di Roma
11.5 Bernini: Ottaviano Castelli, engraved by Grimaldi for the book of La Sincerita trionfante, Rome, 1638, pub. 1640, missing in text
11.6 Italian harpsichord
11.7 Harpsichord lid, Ferrara, Alfonso II: Leggenda 1996, 144
11.8 Harpsichord with corame outer case, c. 1640, Rome, Museo degli Strumenti Musicali
11.9 Girolamo Zenti, bentside spinet, 1637, Brussels Museum, Brussels, Belgium
11.10 Copy of a lost painting by Antiveduto Grammatica (1571-1626: ca. 1611) showing a claviorganum, in private possession, whereabouts unknown, from Hill 1997, 1
11.11 a-b. Harpsichord built by Vito Trasuntino in 1606 for Camillo Gonzaga, Duke of Novellara, Bologna, Museo Civico Medievale,  van der Meer 1993, #141, pp. 146-48
11.12 Cimbalo cromatico
11.13. Harpsichord ALF[ONSVS] II DVX FER[RARIAE] now in Schloß Köpenick, Berlin
11.14 Hans Rucker’s double virginal, 1581, New York, Metropolitan Museum
11.15 Andrea Sacchi, portrait of Marc’Antonio Pasqualini, New York, Metropolitan Museum
11.16 The Barberini harp, Rome, Museo degli strumenti musicali
11.17 Orazio Albana harpsichord, 1628, Bologna, Musico Civico Medievale
11.18 A Barberini harpsichord in a private collection, Marvels 2007, 137-41 Catalogue, fig. 1, J.D. Zelenka, copy of the Fiori musicali, dated 1718.